5R activities

the five principles of open licensing.  These allow users to reuse content in its unaltered original format, retain copies for personal use, revise or modify and alter content, remix content in order to create something new, and redistribute content by sharing in the original or altered format.


the practice of making information, activities, and/or environments sensible, meaningful, and usable for as many people as possible


a type of project supported by the University of Arkansas Libraries and Global Campus to utilize one or more open textbook materials in the creation of a new work by a member of the campus community


the act of exchanging a traditional published textbook for a no-cost alternative open textbook

alt text

describes the appearance or function of an image on a page

Back Matter

everything that follows after the main body of your webbook.  Back matter may include appendices, notes, glossaries or illustration credits.


create a duplicate copy of a book within any Pressbooks site


legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works


a project supported by the University Libraries and Global Campus to support the writing and accessibility of new textbook content written by campus contributors

Creative Commons

a non-profit organization that is dedicated to empowering individuals to legally use and re-use creative works through the development and availability of legal tools to supplement copyright globally


a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language such as HTML or XML

Culturally Responsive Content

content considering students’ customs, characteristics, experience, and perspectives as tools for better classroom instruction


a way of displaying various types of visual data in one place

digital object identifiers

a unique and persistent string of characters used to identify a journal article, website, or other item of intellectual property, typically one in digital form

Digital Right Management

the use of technology to control and manage access to copyrighted material

Embedded media

media that is hosted outside of Pressbooks and linked to through your webbook


a note printed at the end of a book or section of a book

fair use

the right to use a copyrighted work under certain conditions without permission of the copyright owner as allowed through copyright law


a note of reference, explanation, or comment usually placed below the text on a printed page

Front Matter

the first part of the book.  The Front Matter includes a title page and may include contents, a foreword, introduction, acknowledgements, etc.

glossary list

a created subset of glossary terms for the creation of a webbook glossary

Glossary terms

an alphabetical list of terms or words found in or relating to a specific subject or text with explanations


an electronic link providing direct access from one distinctively marked place in a hypertext or hypermedia document to another in the same or a different document

Inclusive design

methodologies to create products that understand and enable people of all backgrounds and abilities


permissions given by the copyright holder for their content which allow other individuals to perform activities which are generally the rights of the copyright holder


a digital configuration akin to a photographic lightbox in which images are visible in a small, unobtrusive display

Main Body

one of the three parts of a book.  The Main Body contains the most significant content of a webbook and may include chapters and parts.


Markdown is a lightweight markup language for creating formatted text using a plain-text editor.


any data that describes your book—including title, subtitle, price, publication date, ISBN, and any other relevant information that readers use to find your book


a copyrightable work that is either in the public domain or license for free and perpetual permissions.

Open Content

content which is licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities

Open Education

resources, tools and practices that are free of legal, financial and technical barriers and can be fully used, shared and adapted in the digital environment

Open Educational Resources

teaching, learning, and research materials intentionally created and licensed to be free for the end user to own, share, and in most cases, modify

open license

a license which grants permission to access, re-use and redistribute a work with few or no restrictions

Open Pedagogy

inclusive teaching in which the students are participants in the open experience

open source

open source refers to something people can modify and share because its design is publicly accessible. Often used to describe software


In Pressbooks, parts refer to the largest groupings of materials within the Main Body of the text.  In this context, parts contain chapters.


a publishing platform for educators to create, adapt, and share accessible, interactive, web-first books

public domain

materials which have never been or no longer are under copyright

Pull quote

a brief, attention-catching quotation, typically in a distinctive typeface, taken from the main text of a workand used as a subheading or graphic feature


sharing something out among people in a different way.  Redistribution is one of the rights of a copyright holder.


a version of a webbook which is derived from another work and is not just a copy.  The ability to create derivations of works lies with the copyright holder


the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)


reproducing a work without significant changes to its content.  The right to reuse a work lies with the copyright holder.


small blocks of square-bracketed code which Pressbooks recognizes and handles in special ways in the webbook and export files. Shortcodes can be used both in the Visual Editor and in the Text editor.


a part of a URL which provides target information.  Slugs may be created to provide linking access to across parts of your webbook


In Pressbooks, the theme of your book includes styling rules for all of the elements of your book, including chapter title designs, fonts for heading and body text, the appearance of textboxes, block quotes, lists, tables, and export-specific elements like title page layout, copyright page layout and running content.


often used to specify extra information about something when the user moves the mouse pointer over an element

Universal Design

is the design and composition of an environment so that it can be accessed, understood and used to the greatest extent possible by all people regardless of their age, size, ability or disability

Universal Instructional Design

an educational framework for applying design principles to learning environments with a goal toward greater accessibility for all students, including students with disabilities which involves considering the potential needs of all learners when designing and delivering instruction by identifying and eliminating unnecessary barriers to teaching and learning while maintaining academic rigor.

User Interface

the point of human-computer interaction and communication.  This can include display screens, keyboards, a mouse and the appearance of a desktop.


a book that lives on the web and may be read with no other assistive reading software


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University of Arkansas OER Style Guide Copyright © 2023 by Lora Lennertz is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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