Define the problem: Students should focus on defining the problem by determining the root cause, not the underlying symptom(s).
Develop reasonable alternatives: Students should develop three to four reasonable alternatives to deal with the problem. Most laws are written around the concept of what a reasonable person would do.
Evaluate each alternative: Generally, any alternative has both advantages and disadvantages. Students should provide at least two advantages and two disadvantages for each alternative.
Select the preferred alternative: Students should select one alternative or a combination of alternatives to resolve the underlying problem. Additionally, students should provide a reasonable and logical explanation as to why one alternative or combination of alternatives is better than another alternative.
Support the decision with empirical evidence: Students should support their decisions with empirical evidence as applicable. Not all empirical evidence is generalizable to every problem.